MOSCOW, June 2, 2009. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of the annual survey devoted to the problems of the Russian business. The research was commissioned by the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs and carried out in September and October 2008 among business owners and top executives of manufacturing industry, construction, transport, communications, services industry and trade companies.
The majority of the business climate indicators in Russia show positive dynamics over the recent two years. The good example of that is the parameter of the attitudes of Russians towards entrepreneurs: on a 7-point scale (where 1 point means "very bad" and 7 points mean "very good") the average point has increased from 3.86 in 2007 to 4.25 in 2008. Such indicator as "direction of political developments" also shows positive changes (the average point has increased from 4.27 to 4.52). The following indicators of the entrepreneurs` perception of the country in general keep positive dynamics as well: tax rates (from 3.32 to 3.41), development of legislative framework of entrepreneurship (from 3.17 to 3.29), freedom of business and authorities from corruption (from 3.03 to 3.19), the level of social responsibility of business (from 3.02 to 3.13), legal protection of private property (from 2.94 to 3.11).
However, several indicators of the business climate have worsened: such as regional authorities activity to modernize business infrastructure (the average point has decreased from 3.73 to 3.67), the possibility for entrepreneurs to find a niche in other region market (from 3.74 to 3.61) and, to a lesser extent, the relationships within the business community (from 4.59 to 4.54).
Among the most crucial obstacles to entrepreneurship activity in Russia respondents mentioned the following: the lack of qualified personnel (60%) and the growth of prices (52%). Compared to 2007, entrepreneurs put more attention to these factors (in 2007 - 53% and 38% respectively). There were also named such problems as extremely high tax rates (43%), corruption (42%), high administrative barriers (41%), followed by unfair competition (29%), inadequate protection of property and contract law rights (23%), difficulties of access to external funding (17%), ineffective judicial system and poor state governance (15% for each), excessive dependence of economy on primary commodity exports (14%), the lack of clear targets of the country development (10%), poor quality of corporate governance (9%).
According to the entrepreneurs` forecast, the main problem for the Russian business in next two or three years is going to be the lack of qualified staff (76% of respondents think so). The second position is held by the active competitive environment (60% of respondents). Respondents are less worried about such problems as lack of infrastructure (45%), access to energy resources (42%), financial resources (40%), logistics resources (34%), technology and high technology resources (33%).
The initiative Russian opinion poll commissioned by the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs was conducted in September and October 2008. The method of personal formal workplace interview was used to interview 1200 respondents in 40 regions of Russia - 30 respondents per each region.
Dynamics of the main indicators of the business climate in Russia
(average points from 1 - "very bad" to 7 - "very good")
successful business development
relationships within the business society
directions of political developments
attitudes of the population towards entrepreneurs
the federal authorities` politics compliance with the interests of business development
activities of the regional authorities to modernize business infrastructure
nature of tax administration
possibility to settle in other region market niche
system of licensing, supervising and monitoring
development of legislative framework of entrepreneurship
freedom of business and authorities from corruption
level of social responsibility of business
legal protection of private property
possibility of starting a business from scratch
In your opinion, what are the main obstacles to entrepreneurship activity in Russia?
(close-ended question, not more than five answers)
lack of qualified personnel
growth of prices
extremely high taxes/poor tax governance
corruption on all levels of power
high administrative barriers
inadequate protection of property and contract law rights
difficult access to external funding
ineffective judicial system
poor state governance
excessive dependence of economy on primary commodity exports
the lack of clear targets of the country development
poor quality of corporate governance
In your opinion, will the following factors become a big problem for your business in next two or three years?
(close-ended question, one answer per each position, the total share of respondents answered "yes" and "no" are shown)
lack of qualified personnel
active competitive environment
lack of infrastructure
access to energy resources
access to financial resources
access to logistics
access to technologies/high technologies
Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or www.wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM,
the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!