Press release №682
25.04.2007
RUSSIANS BELIEVE IN SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS

IN BRIEF

MOSCOWApril, 25, 2007. All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) submits information concerning such questions as: which fields of scientific knowledge interest Russians the most; which discoveries and technical achievements have improved the world in XX century, and which spoiled it, by estimations of the interviewed; whether enough attention is paid to problems of science and technologies by mass-media.

The majority of Russians (68%) identify, that usually they are interested in new achievements in science and technologies (from 39% in group of ones with incomplete secondary education up to 70% in group of higher and incomplete higher education).

Generally, the most interesting fields of scientific knowledge among Russians are medicine (44% of respondents), technical achievements (34%), astronomy and space research (18%), psychology (18%), the Internet-technology (15%), economic sciences (13%), biology and biotechnology (12%). Medicine interests more respondents of senior age (33% of youth of 18-24 years and 49% of the age 45+), Internet-technologies interest mostly youth (34% of youth and 3% of senior respondents).

Among the scientific achievements which have improved the world in the XX century, respondents identify first of all the Internet (24%, although 3% identify its negative influence), an outer space exploration (20%), achievements in medicine (16%), telephone, mobile communication (14% positive, 1% negative), TV (7% positive, 1% negative). Negative changes of the century are connected with the discoveries in the field of atomic energy (4% positive, 23% negative) and war industry (2% positive, 6% negative). Disputable matter is the role of cars (3% positive, 1% negative).

The science and new technologies influence quality and lifetime of people more likely positively, as 55% of respondents identify (against 27%). Usually youth estimates the role of science more optimistically (69% of positive responses and 20% of negative ones in group of 18-24 year old respondents; 46% positive and 28% negative in group of 60+ year old respondents).

Among outstanding contemporary Russian scientists respondents identify first of all S.Korolyov (10%), Z.Alfyorov (8%), A.Saharov (6 %) and S.Fyodorov (3%). Two thirds of interviewed (67%) found difficult to identify at least one scientist.

Almost half of respondents (46%) think that mass-media pays enough attention to problems of science and technology. 38% of respondents say it does not pay enough attention; 5% think it pays too much attention to these issues. Mostly, respondents with higher and incomplete higher education complain about the lack of information (50%); and 28% of respondents with incomplete secondary education.

All-Russia opinion poll was conducted by VCIOM, April, 14-15, 2007. 1600 respondents were interviewed in 153 population centers of 46 regions of Russia. The statistical error does not exceed 3.4%.

 

Are you interested in science and technology?

 

Total respondents

Education

Incomplete secondaryComplete general secondary (including secondary PTU)Complete specialized secondary (technikum)Incomplete higher (at least three years), higher
Yes, usually am6839637180
No, usually not2854332516
Difficult to answer47444
Which fields of scientific knowledge interests you the most? (Up to three responses)

 

Total respondents

Ageyears

18-2425-3435-4445-5960 and senior
Astronomy and space research181920211615
Biology and biotechnologies121414131110
Chemistry474324
Mathematics454543
Physics666476
Economic sciences13121414157
Medicine443340444949
Philosophy665772
Sociology and political science7109776
Psychology18262319179
Technical achievements343838413323
Internet-technology1534201883
Difficult to answer146991526
Which discoveries and technical achievements, in your opinion, have improved the world in the XX a century the most? (up to five responses.) 
Internet and computer technologies24
Outer space exploration20
Achievements in medicine16
Telephone, mobile communication14
TV7
Technical inventions in sphere of private life4
Atomic energy4
Electricity3
Cars3
Achievements in a war industry2
Radio2
Transplantation of organs2
Aircraft1
Laser technologies1
Antibiotics1
Rocket production1
Another4
Difficult to answer37
Which discoveries and technical achievements, in your opinion, have mostly changed the world in the XX century for the worse? (open-ended question, up to five responses)
Atomic energy23
Achievements in a war industry6
The Internet, computer technologies3
Telephone, mobile communication1
TV1
Cars1
Do you think science and new technologies influence quality and lifetime of people positively or negatively?

 

Total respondents

Ageyears

18-2425-3435-4445-5960 and senior
Science and new technologies more likely influence quality and lifetime of people positively556956555546
Science and new technologies more likely influence quality and lifetime of people negatively272028272928
Difficult to answer171116181626
Please name 3-5 most outstanding Russian scientists of our time (open-ended question, five answers max.)
Korolyov10
Alfyorov8
Kapitsa6
Sakharov6
Fyodorov3
Lichachev2
Roshal'2
Velihov2
Kalashnikov1
Tsiolkovsky1
Vavilov1
Kurchatov1
Others13
Difficult to answer67
Do you think the mass-media pays enough attention to the issues of science and technology?

 

Total respondents

Education

Incomplete secondaryComplete general secondary (including secondary PTU)Complete specialized secondary (technikum)Incomplete higher (at least three years), higher
Too much55446
Enough4645504740
Not enough3828333950
Difficult to answer112213104
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