MOSCOW, April, 24, 2007. Russian Public Opinion Research Center submits information whether Russians find it fair that the real estate tax practicy does not depend on quality and market price; what should become a basis for the estimation of the real estate tax; what should the authorities do about the fact that in major cities a considerable part of real estate is bought for leasing purposes or resale.
The majority of Russians (68%) consider the fact that the real estate tax practicy does not depend on quality and market price of an apartment unfair. 13% of respondents think it is fair: from 10% of financiy unsuccessful up to 17% of those who are financiy well-to-do.
The suggestion of real estate tax evaluation on the basis of market price is perceived positively by 47% of respondents; there are bit less (37%)of those who think of this suggestion negatively. The part of this new real estate tax supporters is the highest in Moscow and St. Petersburg residents: 66%. Opinions of other major cities differ (44% approval, 43% disapproval).
Real estate tax estimation should be based on the owner's level of income (as 35% of interviewed identify) and the quality of a place of living (as 30% of respondents think). Less important factors of such estimation are such things as the apartment's or house's total metric area (10%), the book value of an apartment, consisting of expenses for its construction (10%) and the location of the place (6%). The idea of evaluation the amount of tax according to the owner's income is the least popular among the group of financiy well-to-do respondents, with 27% support. Whereas the groups of financiy average and poor ones show 35-38% of support to the idea.
Among the measures aimed to limit the speculations in the real estate market, the most effective one, in the opinion of Russians, is adopting a higher tax for the second or third apartment. The percentage of this measure's supporters has increased within a year (from 28% up to 36%). At the same time the part of supporters of the criminal penalty for real estate speculations has declined (from 21% down to 14%). 9% of respondents support the idea of prohibiting buying of second or third apartment. There is also a considerable amount of those who think the government should not take any measures since this is a normal market situation (18%) or that these measures are useless (13%).
All-Russia opinion poll was conducted by VCIOM, March, 31, 2007 - April, 1, 2007. 1600 respondents were interviewed in 153 population centers of 46 regions of Russia. The statistical error doesn't not exceed 3.4%.
|Real estate tax practicy does not depend on quality and market price of the real estate today. Do you think it is fair?|
|Very good, good||Average||Bad, very bad|
|Yes, I think it is fair||13||17||13||10|
|No, I do not think it is fair||68||68||69||67|
|Difficult to answer||19||15||18||23|
|There is a suggestion to collect real estate tax, evaluated on the basis of the market price of the real estate. I.e., the higher the market price of the real estate is, the higher is the tax. What do you think of this suggestion?|
Type of settlement
|Moscow and St Petersburg||More than 500 thousand residents||100-500thousand.||Less than100thousand.||Villages|
|Difficult to answer||16||12||13||16||11||20|
|What do you think should be a basis for real estate tax estimation?|
|Very good, good||Average||Bad, very bad|
|Total metric area of an apartment (a house)||10||16||10||10|
|Real estate quality||30||29||30||31|
|Real estate location||6||6||6||6|
|Income of real estate owners||35||27||35||38|
|Book value of an apartment, consisting of expenses for its construction||10||14||11||7|
|Difficult to say||9||9||7||9|
|It is considered that one third of new real estate in major cities is bought for later leasing or resale. What do you think the government should do about it?|
|Adopt a ban, prohibiting the buying of second or third apartment||12||9|
|No measures should be taken; it is a normal market situation.||17||18|
|Adopt a higher tax for the second or third apartment||28||36|
|No measures should be taken; it is useless||13||13|
|Adopt a criminal penalty for real estate speculations||21||14|
|Difficult to answer||9||10|