Press release №2358
20.08.2021
SPACE TOURISM: TIME OF CHANGE

IN BRIEF

  • 75% of Russians have heard of space tourism
  • 30% of Russians would like to fly to the International Space Station
  • 34% would like to fly a jet plane to the stratosphere.

July 14, 2021. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a survey devoted to space tourism.

Most of Russians can recall the following five space-related events happened over the recent two years: launch of rockets by Elon Musk’s SpaceX (11%), launches/construction of new rockets (6%), Mars exploration programs (5%), a hole in the ISS and the development of Chinese space programs (4%, respectively). At the same time, every fifth Russian has not heard anything about events related to space (21%); and one-third of respondents (31%) could not answer the VCIOM interviewers’ question. Males and respondents with incomplete higher and higher education diplomas are more aware of space events.

A third of Russians say the most important space-related areas to be explored for Russia are Russia’s International Space Station project/launch of new space stations (30%) and military space programs (29%). Baikonur Cosmodrome lease and maintenance (10%) and space tourism (8%) are viewed as low-priority. Young respondents are more likely than others to consider space tourism as a high-priority area (15%).

Awareness about space tourism

The majority of Russians have heard about space tourism (75%); most often they are respondents aged 45 and older. Twenty-four percent of Russians have not heard of this form of tourism; those are often young Russians aged 18-24.

Every second Russian (50%) considers that there is no space tourism in Russia. Every fifth believes that space tourism does exist in Russia but it is not developing (21%). A further 9% say that it exists and develops. Eleven percent of Russians know nothing about space tourism; 10% remain undecided.

About one-third of Russians are ready to fly to space

About one-third of Russians (30%) would like to fly to space and visit the International Space Station (ISS); 34% would like to fly a jet plane to the stratosphere; 33% would like to have spaceflight training in Zvezdny Gorodok; 43% would like to take a tour to space-vehicle launching sites such as Baikonur or Vostochny.

Russian nationwide VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on July 8, 2021. A total of 1,600 of Russians aged 18 and older took part in the survey. Results are based on telephone interviews. Stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of Russian landline and mobile phone numbers was used. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes to the wording of questions and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

Let us talk about world space industry. What space-related events have you heard about over the recent year or two?  It can be any events you have remembered. (open-ended question, up to 3 answers, % of total respondents, answers of at least 2% of respondents)
Total respondents Men   Women
SpaceX / Elon Musk flights / launch of rockets by Elon Musk 11 17 6
Launches of rockets, satellites / construction of new rockets, satellites 6 7 5
Mars exploration programs / Mars rovers 5 7 3
A hole in the ISS / air leak 4 4 3
Chinese programs / construction of the station 4 7 2
Our rocket launches/satellites 3 4 3
60th anniversary of Yu.Gagarin’s flight  / anniversary of the first human spaceflight/ Cosmonautics Day 2 1 2
Rogozin’s  activities / songs, memes 2 3 1
Corruption at Roskosmos / stealing money from budget during the Vostochny Cosmodrome construction 2 3 1
Development of space tourism 2 1 2
Movie shot in space  2 1 3
USA programs  / launches of rockets/ satellites 2 2 1
China launched a Mars rover 2 3 2
Construction of the Vostochny Cosmodrome / scandals 2 3 1
Russia’s fiasco in space/ no progress / failures 2 3 1
I heard nothing 21 18 24
Potherb 5 7 4
Don’t know 31 20 40

I am going to list seven directions for the development of space industry. In your opinion, which directions should be developed first in Russia? Please choose two top priorities or give your own.   (closed-ended question, up to 2 answers, % of total respondents)
Total respondents Ages 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 +
Russia’s  participation in International Space Station and creation of new space stations 30 44 27 32 30 25
Military space programs including military satellites 29 13 25 28 31 34
Exploration of Moon and Mars 18 43 19 20 13 13
Construction of new space launch sites (Vostochny), Morskoy Start, etc.) 17 10 13 16 20 20
Construction of new rockets 14 23 16 12 13 10
Baikonur Cosmodrome lease and maintenance 10 13 11 8 10 11
Space tourism 8 15 15 8 6 4
None of the above-mentioned 5 1 6 5 5 6
Other   8 1 6 10 9 8
Don’t know 13 10 13 10 13 17

 

Have you read/heard any information about space tourism, or not?   (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
Total respondents Ages 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 +
Yes 75 50 69 74 81 82
No 24 50 30 26 18 17
Don’t know 1 1 1 0 1 1

 

In your opinion, is there space tourism in Russia, or not? If the answer is yes, is it likely to be advancing, or not? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
Total respondents
In our country there is no space tourism 50
There is space tourism in Russia but is not developing   21
Space tourism in Russia exists and advances 9
I know nothing about it 11
Don’t know 9

 

Would you personally like to…? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
Rather yes   Rather not    Don’t know
Have a flight to the ISS   30 69 1
Have a jet flight to the stratosphere (gravity-free flight in a group of people, with cosmonauts, etc.) 34 65 1
Take a tour to the Baikonur or Vostochny  cosmodromes 43 56 1
Have a spaceflight training using simulators in Zvezdny Gorodok (Star City) 33 66 1
  Results of our study
  Ratings
  In focus
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