Press release №2347
05.07.2021
TECHNOLOGICAL LEADERSHIP CHALLENGES

IN BRIEF

  • 82% of Russians consider it important for an independent state to be a technological leader
  • 55% of Russians consider Russia to be a technologically advanced country vs 44% of those who oppose them
  • Defense, space and nuclear power are top three industries where Russia is a technological leader.

April 27, 2021. Russian Public Opinion Research Centre (VCIOM) presents the data of a survey describing what Russians think about technological leadership and its importance for a state.

Most of Russians (82%) consider it essential for a nation to be a technological leader. The percentage of those who share this stance is higher among men (56% vs 35% women) and young people aged 18-25 (88%).

They are opposed by 9% of respondents.

Opinions split almost equally over whether Russia can be considered a leading technological country: 55% somewhat agree and 41% somewhat disagree with this opinion. The share of those who disagree is higher among those respondents who have incomplete higher and higher education (51%).

In terms of technological development, Russia is a leader in defense (65%), space industry (42%) and nuclear power (41%). Medicine (25%) and biotechnology/genetic engineering round out the top five spheres (13%).

Russian nationwide VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on April 10th, 2021. A total of 1,600 of Russians aged 18 and older took part in the survey. Results are based on telephone interviews. Stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of Russian landline and mobile phone numbers was used. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes to the wording of questions and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

 

In your opinion, is technological leadership likely to be important or unimportant for a country to be independent? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondent)
  Total respondents Men Women Aged 18-24 Aged 25-34 Aged 35-44 Aged 45-59 60 and older
Very important 44 56 35 37 38 41 52 47
Likely important 38 29 46 51 45 45 33 30
Likely unimportant 6 5 6 6 9 4 4 6
Not at all important 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 4
Don’t know 9 6 10 3 5 7 8 13

 

In your opinion, can the modern Russia be considered as a leading technological country? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondent)
  Total respondents Incomplete secondary education Secondary education (school, vocational school) Specialized secondary education  (technical school) Incomplete higher (at least three years in a higher education institution), higher  education
Definitely yes 18 28 27 22 11
Rather yes 37 41 36 40 37
Rather not 25 10 21 20 31
Definitely not 16 15 11 13 20
Don’t know 4 6 5 5 1

 

In your opinion, what area does Russia have a leading position in technologically?  (closed-ended question, any number of answers, % of total respondent)
  Total respondents
Defense 65
Space industry 42
Nuclear-power engineering 41
Medicine 25
Genetic engineering, biotechnologies 13
Machine building 11
IT technologies 11
Communications 9
Other   7
Don’t know 9
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