Press release №2331
27.04.2021
RUSSIAN OPERATING SYSTEM: WHY NOT?

IN BRIEF

  • Domestic software and apps are more trustworthy that their foreign counterparts, according to Russians (45%)
  • More than half of Russians positively perceive plans to develop a Russian operating system for computers (57%)
  • If Russia invents a domestic operating system, 49% of Russians will switch to it.

March 9, 2021. Below are the results of a survey devoted to the attitudes of Russians towards a possibility of domestically produced operating system.

Computer software developer

Most of Russians think it is not important what country invented a computer program or app for smartphones (68%). Those who think so are often Russians aged 18-44 (75-77%). Those who think the inventor is important are Russians who are older (30-31%) and those who use the Internet several times a week or a month (30%) rather than Russians in general (27%).

Domestic software compared to the foreign one

Russians trust domestic software and apps more than the foreign ones (45%); they are more often Russians aged 45-59 (51%). The percentage of those who trust less is 27%; this share is higher among young respondents (40%).

Forty percent of Russians consider that domestic computer programs are cheaper than the foreign counterparts. This stance is shared by 52-54% of the 18-35-year-olds and only 23% of Russians aged 60 and older. More than one-third of Russians remain undecided (37%).

Thirty-seven percent of Russians believe that the Russian software programs are less likely to be of good quality than the foreign ones. This opinion is popular with young respondents aged 18-24 (48%) and Russians aged 35-44 (48%). Twenty-six percent of Russians consider domestic software to have a better quality.

Thirty-four percent of respondents believe that the Russian computer programs are less compatible with other programs than the foreign ones (34%). This opinion is less popular among older Russians (18%); but half of them fail to assess the domestic computer programs by this parameter (50%).

According to 39% of Russians, Russian computer programs and apps are more reliable that their foreign counterparts; this opinion is often shared by Russians aged 60 and older (46%). Thirty-one percent of Russians think they are less reliable; 30% are undecided.

Attitudes towards plans to develop a Russian OS

More than half of Russians positively perceive plans to develop a Russian OS (57%). The stance is often shared by Russians aged 45+ (65%). Twenty-seven percent of Russians have neutral views; they are mainly Russians aged 18-24 (43%). Nine percent of respondents have negative perceptions; they are mainly the youngest ones (18%).

If Russia develops its own OS, 49% of Russians say they may switch to it; 15% say they will definitely do that. Thirty-three percent of respondents say they will not switch to the Russian OS; most of them are young respondents aged 18-24 (55%).

The main reasons why certain respondents are ready to switch to the domestic OS are: patriotism, desire to support domestic production (29%); opinion that the domestic products are better and more reliable than the foreign ones (13%), and interest and desire to test domestic developments (10%). Other factors are a lack of trust in foreign products, expecting computer programs spy on you (9%) and high levels of trust in domestic manufacturer (9%).

Those who would not switch to the Russian OS say that they are satisfied with their current OS (21%) or that they got used to it and do not want to change anything (18%). Sixteen percent of respondents believe that the Russian OS will not be reliable or of high quality; 12% think it will be incompatible with other programs.

Russian nationwide VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on March 4, 2021. A total of 1,600 of Russians aged 18 and older took part in the survey. Results are based on telephone interviews. Stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of Russian landline and mobile phone numbers was used. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes to the wording of questions and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

 

Is it important or not important to you personally what country created a particular computer program or app for smartphones?   (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 +
Definitely important 11 7 8 10 14 12
Rather important 16 18 12 13 16 19
Rather not important 32 33 35 39 33 24
Definitely not important 36 42 42 38 33 32
Don’t know 5 0 3 0 4 13
Is it important or not important to you personally what country created a particular computer program or app for smartphones?   (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Those who use the Internet almost every day Those who use the Internet several times a week, several times a month Those who use the Internet occasionally or never use it
Definitely important 11 12 10 8
Rather important 16 16 20 11
Rather not important 32 33 33 26
Definitely not important 36 37 32 37
Don’t know 5 2 5 18
Now I will read several statements about computer programs or apps for smartphones developed in Russia; please choose the one you most agree with: Compared to foreign counterparts  the domestic program … (closed-ended question, one answer for each line, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 +
Safety
Inspires  more confidence  45 46 32 45 51 48
Inspires  less confidence  27 40 40 31 20 16
Don’t know 28 14 28 24 29 36
Price
Is likely to cost less 40 54 52 45 41 23
Is likely to cost more 23 27 24 28 24 19
Don’t know 37 19 24 27 35 58
Quality
Is likely to have a higher quality 26 28 21 24 28 27
Is likely to have a lower quality 37 48 43 48 31 28
Don’t know 37 24 36 29 41 45
Compatibility with other programs
Is likely to be more compatible with other programs 27 32 20 23 27 32
Is likely to be less compatible with other programs 34 45 47 48 28 18
Don’t know 39 23 33 29 45 50
Reliability
Is likely to be more reliable 39 36 36 34 39 46
Is likely to be less reliable 31 44 39 41 27 19
Don’t know 30 20 25 25 34 35
What is your personal attitude towards the plans to develop a Russian domestic operating system for PCs?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 +
Definitely positive 27 16 23 31 33 27
Rather positive 30 19 25 27 32 38
Neutral 27 43 34 28 23 21
Rather negative 4 8 6 6 2 1
Definitely negative 5 10 10 4 3 1
Don’t know 7 4 2 4 7 12
Imagine Russia developed its own OS for PCs. Would you personally replace your current OS with the domestic one? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 +
Definitely yes 15 15 8 15 16 18
Rather yes 34 22 32 37 41 30
Rather no 18 31 25 20 15 11
Definitely no 15 24 26 16 11 7
Don’t know 18 8 9 12 17 34
Can you explain why you would replace your current OS with the domestic one? Several reasons can be cited. (open-ended question, up to 5 answers, % of those who would “replace” it; answers of at least 2% of respondents)  
  % of those who would “replace”
I am a patriot / I support domestic production / each country should has its own OS 29
It is better and more reliable than the foreign one 13
It is interesting to try it  / to test it 10
We are being spied / information leaks abroad / let our agencies spy on us, not the foreign ones 9
More confidence 9
If it does not underperforms  / if it outperforms 8
If it is adjusted to Russians  / uses Russian language / convenient / user-friendly 7
Our OS will be safer, have much higher protection   7
Due to sanctions foreign operating systems can be blocked / we must be independent 6
It will be cheaper  / more available 5
Easier to use / no problems updating it / better technical support 3
Russia has good software engineers  3
I do not trust foreign systems / I am against them 2
There will be less foreign advertising / less adult content / fewer nasty things 2
Russian OS will have impact on the country’s development, economy / money will not go abroad 2
Other 6
Don’t know   10
Can you explain why you would NOT replace your current OS with the domestic one? Several reasons can be cited (open-ended question, up to 5 answers, % of those who would NOT “replace” it; answers of at least 2% of respondents).
  % of those who would NOT “replace” it
I am Ok with the current OS / I like it / it is convenient 21
We got used to the old one / no desire to change anything 18
Our OS will be worse than its foreign counterparts / “raw” / unreliable / poor quality 16
Incompatible with other programs 12
It has not established itself/ not time-tested / I will wait for reviews 9
I am concerned about data safety / they want to control us / they want to isolate us from the world 8
I do not trust the domestic OS 6
I have no PC  / I do not use it / I know nothing about it 5
Not clear how it performs / we need to test it first   5
Foreign OS gained its reputation / I trust it 4
Foreign OS is more reliable 3
Price is unknown / not willing to pay 3
Russia will never make anything good / no specialists 3
Problems with technical  support   2
Other 7
Don’t know   14
  Results of our study
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