Press release №2202
06.08.2019
NUCLEAR WAS: A REAL THREAT OR A MYTH?

IN BRIEF

  • 72% of Russians say they know that nuclear bomb was already used in military conflicts
  • More than half of respondents (52%), to a varying degree, are afraid that a nuclear war may start
  • 46% are not afraid
  • Those who are afraid of a nuclear war are often women and elderly persons
  • less often men and persons aged under 45
  • 79% of Russians are confident that no one will survive in a nuclear war regardless of the number of shelters

Today most of Russians are not afraid of a nuclear war much. They say nuclear threat primarily comes from the U.S.A.

MOSCOW, August 6, 2019. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a survey devoted to World Day for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Seventy-two percent of Russians know real cases of nuclear bomb use in military conflicts. However 21% of respondents fail to remember exact cases: they are mainly respondents aged 18-24 (24%) and 25-34 (27%).

 More than half of respondents (52%), to a varying degree, are afraid of a new nuclear war; they are mainly women (68%) and persons aged 60 and over (68%). About the same share of respondents (46%) are not afraid; they are basically men (64%) as well as those aged 18-24 (59%), 25-34 (58%) and 35-44 (52%).

Seventy-nine percent of Russians are confident that no one will survive in a nuclear war regardless of the number of bomb shelters and supplies. On the contrary, 16% say that bomb shelters will help people survive.

Only 5% know if there is a nearby survival shelter; mainly men (19%), persons aged 35-44 (18%) and 45-59 (18%). A further 13% are confident that there is a shelter but they do not know where it is situated. On the whole, 71% of Russians know neither about the existence of bomb shelters nor where they are located; they are basically women (73%), young Russians aged 18-24 (74%) and people aged over 60 (77%).

The biggest nuclear threat to Russia comes from the U.S.A, according to survey findings (60%). Thirteen percent point to China; 11% say no country or organization poses a nuclear threat.

VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on July 3, 2019. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

Do you remember any case when a nuclear bomb was used in any real military conflicts? (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 and over
I remember that it was used 72 68 64 73 79 70
It has never been used 21 24 27 19 17 23
Don't know 7 8 9 8 4 7

To what extent are you personally concerned about a new nuclear war?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total Men Women
I am not concerned 46 64 31
Somewhat concerned 33 24 41
Strongly concerned 14 9 19
I have a constant fear 5 3 8
Don't know 2 0 1

To what extent are you personally concerned about a new nuclear war?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 and over
I am not concerned 46 59 58 52 44 31
Somewhat concerned 33 26 32 30 35 36
Strongly concerned 14 9 8 11 14 23
I have a constant fear 5 6 1 6 4 9
Don't know 2 0 1 1 3 1

Some people think that if there are bomb shelters, food, water and other supplies, people will be able to survive in a global nuclear war. Others think that people will not survive a global nuclear war even if they have enough bomb shelters and supplies. Which opinion do you most agree with? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
The former: people will survive in bomb shelters 16
The latter: almost no one will survive 79
Don't know 5

Do you know where a bombproof shelter closest to your home is located?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total Men Women
I know that there is a bomb shelter and I know where it is 15 19 12
I now that there is a bomb shelter but do not know where it is 13 12 14
I do not know/ there is no bomb shelter 71 68 73
Don't know 1 1 1

Do you know where a bombproof shelter closest to your home is located?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 and over
I know that there is a bomb shelter and I know where it is 15 13 13 18 18 13
I now that there is a bomb shelter but do not know where it is 13 13 18 13 13 9
I do not know/ there is no bomb shelter 71 74 67 68 68 77
Don't know 1 0 2 1 1 1

In your opinion, what countries or organizations pose a nuclear threat to Russia? (open-ended question, up to 3 answers, % of total respondents; answers of at least 1% of respondents)
  Total
USA 60
China 13
Great Britain 6
Korea 6
NATO countries 5
Ukraine 3
Japan 3
Iran 2
Russia, Russian government  1
France 1
Pakistan 1
Poland 1
Israel 1
Europe 1
Germany 1
ISIL*, terrorist organizations 1
No one 11
Other 1
Don't know 19
* Organization banned in Russia Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory.

 

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