Press release №2196
17.07.2019
RUSSIANS ABOUT UKRAINIANS

IN BRIEF

  • 68% of Russians perceive Ukrainians positively
  • Every second Russian has visited Ukraine (56%)
  • Every fifth Russian has visited friends or relatives or went there as a tourist
  • One-third of Russians treat Ukraine as a fraternal country

Most of Russians perceive Ukraine as a fraternal country, despite recent conflicts and difficulties in bilateral relations.

MOSCOW, July 17, 2019. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a survey devoted to the attitudes of Russians towards Ukraine and its citizens.

Most of Russian entrepreneurs say that conditions for business operations in Russia are unfavorable (71%). Just 15% consider that the government is taking active measures to support business. Despite that, most of respondents (76%) would choose to run their own business in case they had a choice.

Entrepreneurs mention both macroeconomic and institutional problems as negative factors affecting business operations in Russia. They are as follows: financial well-being of Russians (81%), corruption levels (72%), and oil prices (71%). Certain negative factors refer to justice system: the level of legal protection of the business owners, justice system functioning (62%), legal regulations in business (62%), regulatory and supervisory authorities (63%). However entrepreneurs say that domestic market competition (47%), stable political system and internal political situation (35%), and availability of credits (28%) positively shape business activities.

Decreased demand for goods and services (72%) is the most likely risk mentioned by entrepreneurs. The key risks involve growth of taxes (70%), unpredictable changes in legislation (64%), and high costs (63%). Every second respondent (52%) has concerns related to justice system imperfections and low rate of not guilty verdicts. Problems with law-enforcement bodies (41%) and illegal seizure (25%) also pose high risks. The least probable risks involve national default and economic system destabilization (20%) and changes in political situation (22%).

More than half of respondents (51%) are skeptical about the future; they expect deterioration in the business conditions in a five-year plan perspective. Only 23% of Russian businessmen think they will be able to implement their long-term strategies. Every third entrepreneur intends to keep the business operations at the current level; about the same share of respondents (26%) prefers to get short-term returns. A further 10% ponder over closing down their businesses; 6% would like to sell them.  

The national survey was commissioned by “Platforma” Social Design Center and conducted June 11 through 17, 2019.  The survey was telephone-based and involved 500 respondents representing Russian large, medium and small enterprises. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 4.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

In your opinion, are the conditions for business operations favorable or unfavorable in Russia today?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total respondents
Definitely favorable 2
Likely favorable 25
Likely unfavorable 36
Definitely unfavorable 35
Don’t know  2

Which of the statement do you most agree with?   (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
The government takes active measures to support  entrepreneurs and business development 15
The government does not take enough measures to help entrepreneurs and business   80
Don’t know  5

Some time ago you took a decision to start your own business. If you had a choice today again – to work for a company or to run your own business – what would you do? ( closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
I would choose my own business 76
I would prefer to work for a company  16
Even given a lower income, I would prefer to work a company 4
Don’t know  4

 

In your opinion, what are the key factors affecting business operations in Russia today? Are those factors positive or negative? (closed-ended question, one answer per line, % of total respondents)
  Definitely negative Likely negative Likely positive Definitely positive No impact Don’t know
People’s financial well-being  50 31 9 4 4 2
Corruption  48 24 4 3 17 4
Monopolization 41 29 7 2 16 5
Oil prices 36 35 6 2 19 2
Legal protection of business owner, justice system functioning 32 30 13 2 16 7
Legal regulations 29 33 14 2 16 6
Work of regulatory and supervisory bodies 27 36 17 2 14 4
Financial situation, available credits 25 24 23 5 15 8
Education  system, level of personnel training 22 36 19 6 13 4
Political situation, sanctions 21 30 12 5 30 2
Internal political situation, stable political system 20 23 23 12 16 6
Situation in the labor market, staffing 19 36 20 6 17 2
Competition in the domestic market   12 20 39 8 17 4
Level of corporate administration 5 16 21 5 30 23
Level of inter-state interaction  5 13 22 4 41 15
Speaking about Russian entrepreneurs, what risks do you consider as high/small?  (closed-ended question, one answer per line, % of total respondents)
  Very high High Average Low Don’t know No such risks
Decrease in purchasing power, decrease in demand   39 33 17 7 3 1
Tax level 34 36 22 5 2 1
Unpredictable changes in legislation   32 32 21 9 4 2
Imperfections of justice system, low rate of not guilty verdicts, lack of protection of  entrepreneurs   28 24 24 10 10 4
Corrupt payments to tackle  administrative matters 22 26 20 11 13 8
Increase of costs 21 42 25 5 5 2
Market  monopolization 19 30 31 6 9 5
Problems with law enforcement bodies 19 22 26 11 20 2
Frequent inspections, high activity of regularity and supervisory bodies 17 22 36 14 9 2
Unstable economy, possible national default  15 26 24 20 10 5
Decrease in investment 14 25 26 11 14 10
Competition from the shadow market 13 16 26 19 21 5
Risks of illegal seizure 9 16 28 26 19 2
Changes in political situation 7 19 24 22 22 6

In your opinion, how will the business conditions change in a five-year perspective - will they deteriorate/improve/stay the same? (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total respondents
They will definitely improve 3
They are likely to improve 17
They will not change 23
They are likely to deteriorate 30
They will definitely deteriorate 21
Don’t know  6

Which of the following business strategies best meets the business plan goals of your company within the next three years?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total respondents
Investing in long-term business development   23
Steady development with short-term returns 26
Keeping business operations at the  current level 33
Closing up of business 10
Sale of business 6
Don’t know  2
Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory.
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