When feeling ill, more Russians go to private medical centers now.
MOSCOW, May 6, 2019. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a survey describing how Russians take care of their health and what they do if they have problems.
Today every third Russian reports having good health (32%); every second Russian is satisfied with the state of health (53%). Fifteen percent of Russians assess their state of health in a negative way; this share is higher among women (21%) rather than men (8%). Over the last five years, the percentage has not changed much but it has declined dramatically compared to 2006 (from 24%).
Most of Russians say the main cause of their poor health is work and stress (33%), as well as lack of money for treatment or prevention of diseases (28%). At the same time, the importance of the latter problem has decreased considerably over the last two years (35% in 2017). Every fourth Russian (25%) thinks that age and lack of rest are the main reasons. The number of those who blame poor environment has declined a lot (from 32% in 2017 to 18% in 2019).
As four years ago, in case of problems with health, 46% of respondents go to free state medical clinics; a further one-third of respondents (33%) practice self-medication. Every sixth (15%) goes to private medical centers although two years ago only every tenth did so (11%). Other ways to tackle health issues is to do nothing or to use traditional medicine (4% and 1%, respectively).
VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on May 14, 2019. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.
The 2006-2015 results are based on household surveys.
|How would you assess your current state of health? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|In your opinion, what are the main causes of your diseases/diseases of your relatives? (closed-ended question, up to 3 answers, % of total respondents)|
|Too much work, anxiety, too many problems||60||53||53||49||52||43||47||35||33|
|Not enough money for disease prevention, for buying medicines, for treatment||29||26||22||19||21||20||17||35||28|
|Age; not being able to have a rest or to get treatment for many years||36||35||35||39||35||46||34||28||25|
|Poor environment; environmental pollution||41||43||47||37||39||33||36||32||18|
|Diseases might have been inherited||15||17||16||16||21||19||19||14||17|
|Bad habits; no sport activities||11||13||17||16||16||21||21||15||16|
|Working in hazardous industry; living close to hazardous industrial sites||10||9||11||10||14||10||12||13||11|
|What do you usually do when you get ill? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|I go to free state medical clinics, hospitals||52||50||51||55||51||55||46||46||46|
|I go to paid medical centers, hospitals||6||7||8||6||7||6||8||11||15|
|I do nothing||3||6||4||4||5||6||5||4||4|
|I go to traditional health practitioners; I prefer traditional medicine||2||2||2||1||1||1||2||1||1|
Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM ,the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!