Press release №2174
16.05.2019
HARD WORK, POVERTY AND OLD AGE ARE THREE MAIN CAUSES OF DISEASES

IN BRIEF

  • An overwhelming majority of Russians (85%) are satisfied with their health
  • Respondents say that diseases may be caused by stress and work, lack of money to buy medicines and to prevent diseases.

When feeling ill, more Russians go to private medical centers now.

MOSCOW, May 6, 2019. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a survey describing how Russians take care of their health and what they do if they have problems.

Today every third Russian reports having good health (32%); every second Russian is satisfied with the state of health (53%). Fifteen percent of Russians assess their state of health in a negative way; this share is higher among women (21%) rather than men (8%). Over the last five years, the percentage has not changed much but it has declined dramatically compared to 2006 (from 24%).

Most of Russians say the main cause of their poor health is work and stress (33%), as well as lack of money for treatment or prevention of diseases (28%). At the same time, the importance of the latter problem has decreased considerably over the last two years (35% in 2017). Every fourth Russian (25%) thinks that age and lack of rest are the main reasons. The number of those who blame poor environment has declined a lot (from 32% in 2017 to 18% in 2019).    

As four years ago, in case of problems with health, 46% of respondents go to free state medical clinics; a further one-third of respondents (33%) practice self-medication. Every sixth (15%) goes to private medical centers although two years ago only every tenth did so (11%). Other ways to tackle health issues is to do nothing or to use traditional medicine (4% and 1%, respectively).

VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on May 14, 2019. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

The 2006-2015 results are based on household surveys.

 

How would you assess your current state of health? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
2006 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2017 2019
Very good 4 3 3 4 5 6 8 6 3
Good 27 24 24 32 34 37 30 29 29
Satisfactory 45 49 49 43 44 42 49 49 53
Bad 19 18 19 16 14 12 10 12 12
Very bad 5 5 4 3 3 2 2 3 3
Don’t know 0 1 1 2 0 1 1 1 0

 

In your opinion, what are the main causes of your diseases/diseases of your relatives?  (closed-ended question, up to 3 answers, % of total respondents)
  2006 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2017 2019
Too much work, anxiety,  too many problems   60 53 53 49 52 43 47 35 33
Not enough money for disease prevention, for buying medicines, for treatment 29 26 22 19 21 20 17 35 28
Age; not being able to have a rest or to get treatment for many years 36 35 35 39 35 46 34 28 25
Poor environment; environmental pollution   41 43 47 37 39 33 36 32 18
Diseases might have been inherited 15 17 16 16 21 19 19 14 17
Bad habits; no sport activities 11 13 17 16 16 21 21 15 16
Working in hazardous industry; living close to hazardous industrial sites 10 9 11 10 14 10 12 13 11
Poor nutrition  13 16 11 12 11 10 12 13 10
Other 3 2 2 4 2 2 3 3 12
Don’t know 4 5 5 4 5 5 5 6 7

 

What do you usually do when you get ill?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
2006 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2017 2019
I go to free state medical clinics, hospitals 52 50 51 55 51 55 46 46 46
Self-treatment 37 35 33 33 36 32 38 35 33
I go to paid medical centers, hospitals   6 7 8 6 7 6 8 11 15
I do nothing 3 6 4 4 5 6 5 4 4
I go to traditional health practitioners; I prefer traditional medicine   2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1
Don’t know 0 0 2 1 0 0 1 3 1
 

Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM ,the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!

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