Press release №2162
02.04.2019
RUSSIA AND BELARUS: A NEW FORM OF INTEGRATION?

IN BRIEF

  • 49% of Russians are aware of the Union State of Russia and Belarus
  • 48% of Russians think that there is no need for a common union of the two states
  • what is needed is friendly relationship

MOSCOW, April 2, 2019. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of a study devoted to the Russia-Belarus relationships.

Today respondents tend to view the relationship between Russia and Belarus through a positive or neutral lens: 30% of respondents call it normal and calm; 22%, friendly, and 15%, good-neighborly. Twenty-five percent of Russians think that the relationship became chilly or even tense.

Every second Russian (51%) believes that the Russian-Belarusian relationship has stayed the same over the recent year. Deterioration is mentioned by 22% of respondents; 14% point to improvements.

Forty-nine percent of Russians are aware of the Russian-Belarusian Union State. At the same time, many Russians do not show a keen interest in this union: 48% say that the two countries should not be united, and what Russia needs is strong good-neighborly relationships with Belarus. Uniting two states on equal footing or the incorporation of Belarus into the Russian Federation are supported by 18% and 17% of respondents, respectively.

VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on January 15, 2019. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.2%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

How would you assess the current Russia-Belarus relationship?   (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents
Normal, calm 30
Friendly 22
Good, good-neighborly 15
Chilly 15
Tense 9
Hostile 1
Don’t know 8

 

In your opinion, in what direction has the Russian-Belarusian relationship been evolving over the recent year?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents
Relationships are improving  14
Relationships are deteriorating 22
Relationships have stayed the same 51
Don’t know 13

 

Do you know/have you heard/do you hear for the first time about the Russian-Belarusian Union State? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents
I am well aware 10
I heard something but do not know any details 39
I hear about it for the first time 51

 

What kind of union would you like the Russian-Belarusian Union State to be like?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents
Uniting two states into one state on equal footing   18
Incorporation of Belarus into the Russian Federation as  a subject of the Russian Federation   17
No union of states is needed; what is important for Russia is to maintain strong good-neighborly relationships with Belarus like with any other state 48
No answer  9
Don’t know 8

Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!

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