Press release №2159


  • 47% of Russians think that e-voting should be made available to people willing to vote via the Internet
  • 48% are ready to vote using the Internet if they have an opportunity

MOSCOW, March 25, 2019. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of a study describing Russian views on online voting and their willingness to participate in it.

The share of those who think that e-voting should be made available has increased from 34% in 2008 and reached 47% today (66% of the 18-24-year-olds). In addition, 49% of Russians approve of the idea to allow the voter to vote remotely over the Internet; this share has increased by 21 p.p. since 2009.    

Every second respondent (48%) is personally ready to vote online if it is available (a 12 p.p. increase since 2008). E-voting is mainly favored by people who have higher education or incomplete higher education diplomas (54%), young respondents (67% of the 18-24-year-olds) as well as Russians who use the Internet on a daily basis (57%).

However, 50% would not use e-voting. They are basically older respondents (63% of persons aged 60 and over), respondents who have secondary education certificates (55%) and those who do not use the Internet (72%). Deliberate manipulation and election fraud (an increase from 32% in 2008) are cited as the main reasons by three-quarters of respondents refusing to take part in e-voting (75%). One-quarter of respondents (25%) do not believe that it will be possible to provide reliable infrastructure in e-voting; 17% doubt that ballot secrecy can be guaranteed.

Potentially more Russians are ready to vote online (a 9 p.p increase since 2008): 25% of Russians would opt for e-voting in case they were offered to choose a voting method. Paper voting is chosen by 57% respondents. 

VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on March 17, 2019. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.


All sorts of elections take place in Russia: federal, regional and local. Let us talk about e-voting. Certain countries make it available to vote remotely over the Internet. In your opinion, apart from traditional voting method, should Russia make the e-voting system available to those people willing to vote via the Internet? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2008 2019
Definitely yes 10 16
Rather yes 24 31
Rather not 23 22
Definitely not 25 26
Don’t know 18 5
A number of initiatives to improve the election legislation are being discussed. What is your attitude towards voting over the Internet? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2009 2019
I am likely to approve it 28 49
I am likely to disapprove it 53 46
Don’t know 19 5
If you had an opportunity to vote using the Internet, would you agree to vote or not?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2008 2019
Yes, why not try 36 48
No, I would not vote 53 50
Don’t know 11 2
Why would you not try to vote via the Internet?  (closed-ended question, up to 2 answers, % of those who would not vote over the internet)
  2008 2019
I admit there might be deliberate manipulation and election fraud 32 75
I do not believe that there will be reliable infrastructure 16 25
I do not believe that ballot secrecy will be guaranteed    15 17
 I do not have a computer/Internet 0 5
I do not vote at all 0 1
Other   7 4
Don’t know 40 3
If you are proposed to choose the voting method in next elections, which one will you choose?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2008 2019
Traditional paper voting using ballots 60 57
E-voting via the Internet 16 25
I have not decided yet 17 16
Don’t know 7 2

Note: Using materials from the site or, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!

  Results of our study
  In focus