Press release №2158
20.03.2019
GENDER EQUALITY AND RUSSIA: IDEAL OR FALSE TARGET?

IN BRIEF

  • 62% of Russians consider that it is important to achieve full equality of rights between men and women
  • 59% say that it is important to achieve full equality of responsibilities between men and women
  • 31% of Russians support feminist movement

MOSCOW, March 20, 2019. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of a study devoted to gender equality.

There is no single opinion among Russians on whether equality of rights and responsibilities between men and women in various spheres is possible: 42% of respondents are confident that equality of rights is only possible in certain spheres (46% of women and 50% of the 25-34-year-olds); others (38%) say that full equality of rights is possible in all spheres (45% of men). In addition, 62% of Russians consider that it is important to strive for full equality of rights between men and women. Thirteen percent of respondents believe that equality of rights is impossible in general (16% of the 35-44-лyear-olds).

Every second respondent (53%) says that men and women can have equal responsibilities only in certain spheres; every third (32%) says that it is possible to achieve full equality of responsibilities. Fifty-nine percent of respondents believe that it is important to strive for full equality of responsibilities between men and women.

Feminist movement aiming to achieve equality of political, economic, personal and social rights between men and women is supported by 31% of Russians (44% of the 18-24-year-olds). On the contrary, 55% of Russians do not support feminism (60% among persons aged 45-59).

VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on March 10, 2019. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

In your opinion, is equality of rights possible? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Men  Women Aged 18-24 Aged 25-34 Aged 35-44 Aged 45-59 Aged 60 and over
Complete equality of rights in all spheres is possible 38 45 33 43 37 43 39 34
Equality of rights  is possible only in certain spheres  42 37 46 44 50 37 41 39
Equality of rights is not possible in general 13 11 15 9 10 16 13 15
Don’t know 7 7 6 4 3 4 7 12
In your opinion, is equality of responsibilities possible? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Men  Women Aged 18-24 Aged 25-34 Aged 35-44 Aged 45-59 Aged 60 and over
Complete equality of responsibilities in all spheres is possible 32 37 27 39 33 37 27 29
Equality of responsibilities  is possible only in certain spheres  53 48 57 53 55 49 56 51
Equality of responsibilities  is not possible in general 9 9 10 6 6 10 11 11
Don’t know 6 6 6 2 6 4 6 9
In your opinion, should one strive for full equality of rights/responsibilities between men and women?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Rights Responsibilities
Definitely yes 22 20
Rather yes 40 39
Rather not 24 25
Definitely not 9 12
Don’t know 5 4
Feminism is a movement aiming to achieve equality of political, economic, personal and social rights between men and women. How do you perceive the feminist movement? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Men  Women Aged 18-24 Aged 25-34 Aged 35-44 Aged 45-59 Aged 60 and over
I definitely support it 7 8 7 11 5 6 5 11
Rather support 24 22 26 33 26 21 24 23
Rather oppose  33 28 38 23 37 41 36 27
I definitely oppose it 22 27 18 22 17 18 24 27
Don’t know 14 15 11 11 15 14 11 12
Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!
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