Press release №2156
19.03.2019
ASSESSING THE YEGOR GAIDAR LEGACY

IN BRIEF

  • 86% of respondents know who Yegor Gaidar was
  • 44% say that the reforms initiated by Gaidar in 1992 damaged the Russian economy

MOSCOW, March 19, 2019. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of a study describing the Russian attitudes towards Yegor Gaidar and his economic reforms.  

Yegor Gaidar is known to most of Russians (86%), especially to persons aged 60 and over (96%) and KPRF supporters (93%). Today the 1990s reformer basically evokes indifference (31%); 19% of respondents report distrust; 18% express disappointment; 13%, dislikes; 11%, condemnation.  

Moreover, the share of those who think that the reforms started by the Gaidar government in 1992 had a damaging impact on the Russian economy has increased from 23% in 2010 to 44% in 2019; this stance is shared by 59% of older persons (aged 60 and over) and 63% of the KPRF supporters. A further 15% of respondents believe that the reforms were necessary, though traumatizing. Every tenth (10%) considers that there was no need in reforming. Only 1% of Russians say the reforms have had positive effects.

Russians tend to have negative views of the performance of Gaidar and his team: 44% say that the Gaidar’s team was intentionally ruining the economy and made great progress in that (62% of A Just Russia supporters and 50% of the 45-59-year-olds). One-third of Russians (32%) say that Yegor Gaidar and his team were going in the right direction but failed to achieve the goals they set; this opinion is more popular among the supporters of non-parliamentary parties (45%).

VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on January 18, 2019. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

The 2010, 2016 results are based on household surveys.

 

Do you know who Yegor Gaidar was? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents Aged 18-24 Aged 25-34 Aged 35-44 Aged 45-59 Aged 60 and over
Yes, I am well aware 29 3 9 27 40 41
I heard something about  him 57 54 58 62 55 55
I know nothing/This is the first time I hear about him 14 43 33 11 5 4

 

What feelings does Yegor Gaidar evoke in you?  (close-ended question, up to 2 answers, % of those who heard about Yegor Gaidar)
  2016 2019
Indifference 24 31
Distrust 15 19
Disappointment 19 18
Dislikes 16 13
Condemnation 17 11
Respect 6 7
Skepsis 4 6
Liking 4 5
Trust 2 3
Hope 2 2
Admiration 1 0
Don’t know 8 10

 

In your opinion, what impact have the reforms initiated by the Gaidar’s government in 1992 had on the Russian economy?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2010 2019
Definitely positive effects  7 1
They were traumatizing but necessary 29 15
There was no need in those reforms 15 10
They have had damaging effects 23 44
Don’t know 26 30

 

In your opinion, what impact have the reforms initiated by the Gaidar’s government in 1992 had on the Russian economy? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respondents A Just Russia party LDPR KRPF United Russia Non-parliamentary parties
Definitely positive impact  1 1 0 2 1
They were traumatizing but necessary 15 15 14 9 18 16
There was no need in those reforms 10 8 11 11 12 10
They have had a damaging impact  44 54 44 63 31 47
Don’t know 30 22 31 17 37 26

 

Which statement describing the performance of Yegor Gaidar and his team do you most agree with?  (close-ended question, one answer, % of those who heard of Yegor Gaidar) 
  2016 2019
They achieved a lot: they saved the country from devastation and laid the foundation for the market economy 6 4
They were going in the right direction but failed to achieve their goals   31 32
They  were intentionally  destroying the Russian economy and made great progress in that   49 44
Don’t know 14 20

 

Which statement describing the performance of Yegor Gaidar and his team do you most agree with?  (close-ended question, one answer, % of those who heard of Yegor Gaidar) 
  % of those who heard of Yegor Gaidar A Just Russia party LDPR KRPF United Russia Non-parliamentary parties
They achieved a lot: they saved the country from devastation and laid the foundation for the market economy 4 5 3 4 5 5
They were going in the right direction but failed to achieve their goals  32 25 30 27 37 45
They  were intentionally  destroying the Russian economy and made great progress in that  44 62 46 55 31 37
Don’t know 20 8 21 14 27 13

Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!

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