Press release №2120
30.11.2018
PEOPLE WITH HIV AMONG US

IN BRIEF

  • 29% of Russians consider that the share of HIV-positive Russians does not exceed 10%
  • 88% believe that the HIV transmission is one of Russia’s main problems today.

Today Russians are more tolerant towards HIV-infected individuals than before.

MOSCOW, November 30, 2018. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a survey devoted to the World AIDS Day.

Almost every Russian adult has heard of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and AIDS (97% based on the 2018 survey findings). Thirty-one percent say they are well aware of the disease.

Russians have become much more tolerant towards the situations implying interactions with the HIV-infected individuals. The survey findings suggest that living next door to a HIV-positive person is perceived as the most tolerable situation: today 65% of respondents say that there is nothing bad about that (vs 38% in 2005).  The share of those who think that there is nothing wrong with taking care of the HIV-positive individuals has increased from 29% in 2005 to 57% in 2018. Every second Russian (50%) does not see any problem in working with HIV-positive persons (an increase from 33% in 2005).

Despite a 28-point decrease since 2005, half of Russians (49%) are confident that it is totally unacceptable to use the utensils used by an infected person. A further 45% are negative about buying something from the HIV-infected vendors.  As to keeping the child in the same class as a HIV- infected child, Russians are divided in their opinions: 32% would agree, though reluctantly, and 26% would never accept it.

According to half of respondents (53%) the share of HIV-positive people is within 1-10% in Russia; 24% point to a range from 1% to 5%; 22%, from 6% to 10%. Almost one-third of Russians (29%) consider that this share does not exceed 10%. Only 7% think the number of HIV-positive people is less than 1% which conforms to the latest official data.

An overwhelming majority (88%) says the HIV transmission is one of the major problems for the modern Russia. At the same time, Russians are more tolerant towards the HIV-positive people today: 89% think that such people need additional assistance; only 5% think they need to be isolated from others; 2% say they need to be left alone.

VCIOM survey was conducted on November 28, 2018. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

The 2004-2009 results are based on household surveys.

 

Have you ever heard of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or the disease referred to as AIDS?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2004 2005 2017 2018
Yes, I am well aware of that 47 70 37 39
I heard something 49 29 59 58
I know nothing about that 3 1 4 3
Don’t know 1 0 0 0

 

It may happen in anyone’s life when you have to interact with people with HIV or AIDS. What is your attitude towards the following situations? (closed-ended question, one answer per each line, % of total respondents)
  Ear There is nothing wrong with it This would be difficult for me but I could do that This is totally unacceptable for me Don’t know

Working with a HIV-positive person

2018

50

29

15

6

2005 33 35 27 5
2004 26 37 29 8
Living next door to a HIV-positive person, being close neighbors 2018 65 24 8 3
2005 38 34 25 3
2004 30 38 26 6
Using the utensils used by a HIV-positive person 2018 27 18 49 6
2005 8 12 77 3
2004 7 12 75 6
Your child is in the same group as a HIV-positive person 2018 32 33 26 9
2005 12 22 56 10
2004 9 21 59 11
Taking care of a HIV-positive person 2018 57 34 6 3
2005 29 47 20 4
2004 21 39 32 8
Buying from a HIV-positive vendor 2018 29 17 45 9
2005 7 13 75 5
2004 10 13 70 7

 

In your opinion, what percentage of the Russian population is HIV-positive?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2017 2018
Less than 1% 5 7
1-5% 28 24
6-10% 21 22
Over 10% 32 29
Don’t know 14 18

 

In your opinion, is the HIV transmission an important problem facing Russia today?   (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2017 2018
Rather important 92 88
Rather not important 2 3
I did not know about HIV transmission; I did not think about it 5 9
Don’t know 1 0

 

 

In your opinion, how should we behave toward the HIV-positive people?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2017 2018
Isolating them from other people   4 5
Providing them with assistance 92 89
Leaving them alone 2 2
Don’t know 2 4

 

Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!
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