Today Russians are more tolerant towards HIV-infected individuals than before.
MOSCOW, November 30, 2018. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a survey devoted to the World AIDS Day.
Almost every Russian adult has heard of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and AIDS (97% based on the 2018 survey findings). Thirty-one percent say they are well aware of the disease.
Russians have become much more tolerant towards the situations implying interactions with the HIV-infected individuals. The survey findings suggest that living next door to a HIV-positive person is perceived as the most tolerable situation: today 65% of respondents say that there is nothing bad about that (vs 38% in 2005). The share of those who think that there is nothing wrong with taking care of the HIV-positive individuals has increased from 29% in 2005 to 57% in 2018. Every second Russian (50%) does not see any problem in working with HIV-positive persons (an increase from 33% in 2005).
Despite a 28-point decrease since 2005, half of Russians (49%) are confident that it is totally unacceptable to use the utensils used by an infected person. A further 45% are negative about buying something from the HIV-infected vendors. As to keeping the child in the same class as a HIV- infected child, Russians are divided in their opinions: 32% would agree, though reluctantly, and 26% would never accept it.
According to half of respondents (53%) the share of HIV-positive people is within 1-10% in Russia; 24% point to a range from 1% to 5%; 22%, from 6% to 10%. Almost one-third of Russians (29%) consider that this share does not exceed 10%. Only 7% think the number of HIV-positive people is less than 1% which conforms to the latest official data.
An overwhelming majority (88%) says the HIV transmission is one of the major problems for the modern Russia. At the same time, Russians are more tolerant towards the HIV-positive people today: 89% think that such people need additional assistance; only 5% think they need to be isolated from others; 2% say they need to be left alone.
VCIOM survey was conducted on November 28, 2018. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.The 2004-2009 results are based on household surveys.
|Have you ever heard of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or the disease referred to as AIDS? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|Yes, I am well aware of that||47||70||37||39|
|I heard something||49||29||59||58|
|I know nothing about that||3||1||4||3|
|It may happen in anyone’s life when you have to interact with people with HIV or AIDS. What is your attitude towards the following situations? (closed-ended question, one answer per each line, % of total respondents)|
|Ear||There is nothing wrong with it||This would be difficult for me but I could do that||This is totally unacceptable for me||Don’t know|
Working with a HIV-positive person
|Living next door to a HIV-positive person, being close neighbors||2018||65||24||8||3|
|Using the utensils used by a HIV-positive person||2018||27||18||49||6|
|Your child is in the same group as a HIV-positive person||2018||32||33||26||9|
|Taking care of a HIV-positive person||2018||57||34||6||3|
|Buying from a HIV-positive vendor||2018||29||17||45||9|
|In your opinion, what percentage of the Russian population is HIV-positive? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|Less than 1%||5||7|
|In your opinion, is the HIV transmission an important problem facing Russia today? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|Rather not important||2||3|
|I did not know about HIV transmission; I did not think about it||5||9|
|In your opinion, how should we behave toward the HIV-positive people? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|Isolating them from other people||4||5|
|Providing them with assistance||92||89|
|Leaving them alone||2||2|
Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!