Russians are confident that space program is important and still consider that Russia is a leader in space exploration.
MOSCOW, October 29, 2018. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of a study describing the Russian opinions on the current state of Russian space program.
An overwhelming majority of Russians support national space science (90%) and think that Russia should participate in space exploration.
Russians are confident that space exploration facilitates the development of science and technologies (53%), helps strengthen defense capabilities (46%) and develop cosmonautics and create new jobs (21%).
A majority (72%) says that Russia is a leader in space exploration today and its position is strengthening. Every fourth respondent has an opposing viewpoint on Russia’s position in this field (23%).
The respondents’ awareness of the Soyuz Rocket launch failure on October 11th is high: 83% of respondents say they have heard about it, including 34% of those who are well aware. Sixteen percent of respondents have heard about the launch failure for the first time during the survey.
Two-thirds of Russians (68%) believe that launch failures are usual and inevitable in astronautics, whereas 23% say this proves the national space program’s failure.
Similarly, Russians are divided in their opinions on the impact of mallaunch on country’s image internationally: 62% are confident that Russia’s prestige did not suffer. They are opposed by 34% of respondents.
The VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on October 20, 2018. The survey involved 1,600 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.
|In the 1950s and 1960s, Russia was the leading country space exploration. Which of the following statements concerning the current Russia’s status in space exploration is closer to yours? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|Russia maintains its standing||38|
|Russia has lost its standing||23|
|Russia has strengthened its standing||34|
|In your opinion, should Russia (or should not) participate in space exploration? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|Yes, Russia should participate in space exploration||90|
|Russia does not need space exploration||6|
|In your opinion, why is it important for Russia to explore space? Up to 2 answers are possible (closed-ended question, not more than two answers, % of total respondents)|
|To ensure defense capacity||46|
|To develop science and technologies||53|
|To maintain its international prestige||14|
|To compete with the US, EU, China on equal terms||16|
|To participate in Moon and Mars missions with other countries||9|
|To develop cosmonautics; to create new jobs||21|
|To develop space tourism||3|
|To search for new worlds and to establish contacts with extraterrestrial civilizations||8|
|Over the recent year, Russia has had a number of space rocket failures including a failure of a manned space flight. Do you personally know/have you heard/do you hear for the first time about the Soyuz rocket failure on October 11th which was caused by engine malfunction and triggered an emergency landing in Kazakhstan? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|I am well aware of that||34|
|I heard something but I do not know any details||49|
|This is the first time I hear about that||16|
|Some people think that unsuccessful launches prove the national space program’s failure and are indicative of a crisis in the industry. Others consider that in an issue like space flights temporary failures are inevitable and common. What is your opinion about that? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
|It is likely to be indicative of the national space program’s failure and a crisis in the industry||26|
|It is likely to be common; temporary failures are commonplace in cosmonautics||68|
|In your opinion, can Russia’s unsuccessful launches affect Russia’s international image? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)|
Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!