Press release №2079
02.07.2018
RUSSIAN EMIGRATION MOODS – 2018

IN BRIEF

  • 10% of Russians (31% of the 18-24-year-olds) would like to leave Russia
  • According to those who are willing to leave, the most attractive country is Germany

Every third respondent aged 18-24 would like to leave Russia permanently. The referred destination might be Germany, the USA and Spain.  

MOSCOW, July 2, 2018. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of a monitoring survey devoted to emigration mood of Russians.

An overwhelming majority of Russians (88%) would not like to leave Russia permanently.  According to most of Russians, over the recent two years the number of those who leave the country permanently has not increased: 27% say that this percentage has decreased, 27% say that it has stayed the same. Twenty-three percent of Russians report an outflow increase. Every fourth Russian (26%) has friends and relatives who have recently left Russia: of those who have left Russia as tourists over the recent two or three years, this share is 46%.

The number of those willing to go abroad is almost the same: about 10-13% in 2011-2018. In 2018, 10% of Russians say they want to leave Russia permanently. Those who are likely to leave more readily are young Russians (31% of the 18-24-year-olds) and people who have traveled overseas over the recent two or three years (19-20%).

The percentage of respondents who are going to move permanently within the next year or two has declined from 17% in 2017 to 10% in 2018. Today respondents choose the destination country more thoroughly: more respondents take real steps to move (they gather information about the destination country, learn foreign languages, ask advice from friends who moved permanently abroad, et cet.).

Eighteen percent of Russians have recently traveled as tourists – they went to get treatment or to have a rest (27% of persons aged 18-24 and only 14% of those aged 60 and over). Three-quarters of Russians (74%) have not left Russia over the recent two or three years.

Germany is the most attractive among all the countries: this country has been at the top of the rating of alternative destinations for the second consecutive year.

The VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on June 6-7, 2018, and involved 2,000 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.2%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

In 2017, a VCIOM-Sputnik survey involving 1,800 was carried out respondents (a margin of error of 2.5% at a 95% confidence level).   The 2011-2016 results are based on household surveys
In your opinion, has the number of people leaving Russia permanently increased, decreased or stayed at the same level over the recent years? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Their number has increased 29 18 24 23 23 23
Their number has stayed the same 37 42 32 33 30 27
Their number has decreased 21 24 23 21 31 27
Don’t know 13 16 21 23 16 23

 

In your opinion, has the number of people leaving Russia permanently increased, decreased or stayed at the same level over the recent years (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents) 2018
  Aged 18-24 Aged 25-34 Aged 35-44 Aged 45-59 Aged 60 and over
Their number has increased 52 34 24 14 17
Their number has stayed the same 19 33 27 30 23
Their number has decreased 17 20 27 31 29
Don’t know 12 13 22 25 31

 

Do you have any relatives or friends who have left Russia over the recent five years?  (open-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  2015 2016 2018
I have such friends 22 20 26
I do not have such friends and relatives 76 77 71
Don’t know 2 3 3

 

Do you have any relatives or friends who have left Russia over the recent five years? (open-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents) 2018
  Total respondents Those who have travelled overseas for other purposes   Those who have travelled overseas to get treatment, to rest or as tourists   Those who have not travelled overseas over the recent 2 or 3 years Don’t know
I have such friends 26 38 46 21 0
I do not have such friends and relatives 71 58 53 76 36
Don’t know 3 4 1 3 64

 

Would you like to move permanently abroad? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  1991 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Rather yes  16 13 11 13 11 13 11 10 10
Rather no  70 82 88 85 88 85 86 89 88
Don’t know 14 5 1 2 1 2 3 1 2

 

Would you like to move permanently abroad? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Persons aged 18-24
  2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Rather yes  26 25 31 21 26 21 25 31
Rather no  67 73 67 77 72 75 75 66
Don’t know 7 2 2 2 2 4 0 3

 

Would you like to move permanently abroad? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents) 2018
  Total respondents Those who have travelled overseas for other purposes   Those who have travelled overseas to get treatment, to rest or as tourists  Those who have not travelled overseas over the recent 2 or 3 years Don’t know
Rather yes  10 19 20 7 0
Rather no  88 76 76 91 36
Don’t know 2 5 4 2 64

 

Have you thought about when you could move? If yes, when?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of those willing to move permanently abroad)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Within a year or two 11 5 13 12 7 17 10
Within three to five years 13 15 14 12 13 12 16
Within six to nine  years 11 9 10 10 5 7 11
In a decade or later 8 8 8 4 6 12 6
No, I have not thought about that 39 50 43 49 51 43 44
I thought about that but I do not know when I can do that due to certain circumstances 18 13 12 13 18 9 13

 

Are you taking any specific steps to move permanently abroad now or later? (closed-ended question, any number of answers, % of those willing to move permanently abroad)
  2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
I am gathering information about the country I want to move 20 21 26 23 14 14 20 26
I am learning a foreign language 16 20 19 18 16 16 19 22
I am getting advice from friends who moved abroad 19 16 17 16 12 11 15 21
I am saving money  9 14 14 17 17 15 20 19
I am searching for an education program abroad  4 3 4 2 3 4 6 9
I am searching (I am hired) a job in an international company with an opportunity to move abroad  1 2 4 5 3 2 3 8
I am getting additional education, skills that could help me find a job abroad 2 2 4 5 3 4 7 6
I am searching for information about resettlement programs 8 9 7 12 5 4 6 6
I am searching for a job abroad 11 8 6 4 8 4 6 5
I am searching for opportunities to marry a foreigner 1 4 5 3 4 1 3 3
Other  0  0  0  0 3 5 3
I do not do anything special/ Don’t know 50 45 39 42 55 63 51 41

 

Have you travelled overseas over the recent two or three years? If yes, what was the purpose?  (closed-ended question, any number of answers, % of total respodnents) 2018
  Total respondents Aged 18-24 Aged 25-34 Aged 35-44 Aged 45-59 Aged 60 and over
To rest, to get medical treatment, as tourists   18 27 20 20 18 14
To visit friends and relatives 4 4 5 4 5 4
Business trip, professional purposes 3 2 5 3 2 1
For studies 1 2 2 3 0 0
Other 1 1 1 1 2 2
I have not travelled anywhere over the recent 2 or 3 years 74 67 73 72 74 79
Don’t know 0 0 0 0 0 0

 

Could you name a country where you would like to move permanently abroad, please? (open-ended question, one answer, % of those willing to move permanently abroad; answers for each line mentioned by at least 2% of respondents)
  2017 2018
Germany 13 16
USA 10 7
Spain 3 6
Canada 2 5
Italy 5 4
European countries (without precision) 1 4
Norway 2 3
France 1 3
Thailand 1 3
Montenegro 1 3
Australia 7 2
Switzerland 2 2
Finland 1 2
Other 32 15
Don’t know 19 25
  Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!
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