Press release №2071
01.06.2018
CORRUPTION IN RUSSIA

IN BRIEF

  • 55% notice the results of the work of the public bodies on combating corruption
  • Of all public bodies and social spheres, health services are reported by 34% of respondents to be the most corrupt (apart from the society itself)

Opinion polls show that the fight against corruption is making much headway.

MOSCOW, June 1, 2018. Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of a monitoring devoted to the corruption levels in the Russian society.   

The ‘Fight Against Corruption’ Index* became positive and gained 29 points over two years: from -12 p. in 2016 to 17 p. in 2018. More and more Russians notice anti-corruption measures. Fifty-five percent of respondents report positive results; just 13% point to deterioration.

The most corrupt areas include health services (23%), Road Traffic Safety Inspectorate and police (16%, each), housing services (16%), and justice system and prosecution service (14%). A quarter of Russians (24%) are confident that the whole society is mired in bribery. On the whole, there has been decline in corruption levels in all these spheres over the recent two years. As before, political parties, army and mass media are at the bottom of the rating.

Forty-two percent of Russians perceive corruption-related arrests of public officials as proof of anti-corruption measures over the recent years (49% among the residents of rural area; 48% among those aged 60 and over vs. 36% of residents of St Petersburg and Moscow; 37% of persons aged 18-24). Forty-seven percent of respondents say that such arrests are purely demonstrative actions, settling of scores, and conflicts between competing clans.

*Fight Against Corruption Index shows how successful the government anti-corruption measures are, according to Russians. The Index is based on the question “The country’s leadership keeps talking about anti-corruption efforts. Have you noticed any results of these efforts over the recent year, or not?” The Index is measured in points, calculated as the sum of positive and negative answers and can vary between -100 and 100. The higher the Index, the more noticeable the anti-corruption measures.

The VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on May 20-21, 2018, and involved 2,000 Russians aged 18 and over. The survey was telephone-based and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia.  The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.2%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

The 2005-2016 results are based on household surveys; the 2017 VCIOM-Sputnik survey involved 600 respondents (per day). 

 

The country’s leadership keeps talking about anti-corruption efforts. Have you noticed any results of these efforts over the recent year?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  05 06 07 08 12 13 15 16 17 18
Yes, much is being done to fight corruption 3 7 4 7 7 7 11 7 11 12
Yes, there are some results but they are not satisfactory 27 33 32 32 38 38 38 33 44 43
There are no results, everything is the same  44 44 38 43 38 41 33 35 25 25
The situation is deteriorating; corruption has intensified 21 10 12 10 13 11 13 17 15 13
Don’t know 5 6 14 8 4 3 5 8 5 7
Fight Against Corruption Index* -35 -14 -14 -14 -6 -7 3 -12 15 17

 

In your opinion, what public institutions or social areas are the most corrupt in Russia today? (closed-ended question, not more than 3 answers, % of total respondents)
  V.06 XI. 06 07 08 12 13 III. 15 X.15 VI.16 17 18
Society in general 23 25 23 23 19 15 23 18 18 19 24
Health services, doctors 11 10 16 16 17 19 14 21 21 28 23
Road Safety Police  (GIBDD) 30 28 33 33 32 27 25 32 26 22 16
Housing utilities sector*  -  -  -  -  - 14 12 19 22 22 16
Police (excluding road safety police) 22 27 24 26 26 19 22 21 18 18 16
Court system, prosecutors 14 12 13 15 21 18 18 20 22 18 14
Ad hoc authorities (in our region, city) 31 34 26 28 36 39 34 17 19 17 14
Education, teachers 10 13 15 15 13 13 9 14 12 14 11
Large enterprises 16 13 10 13 14 18 13 10 10 6 8
Federal government 20 20 12 15 26 26 17 9 11 6 6
Show business, entertainment industry 9 5 8 6 4 5 4 8 6 7 6
Parliament (State Duma, Federation Council) 4 3 4 3 7 5 3 5 7 5 5
Commerce    3 3 3 4 3 4 4 7 7 6 4
Military enlistment offices 9 13 11 8 7 6 6 9 6 2 3
Political parties  3 2 2 3 3 3 3 6 6 2 2
Army 5 4 4 5 7 4 4 4 4 2 2
Mass media 2 2 1 3 2 2 2 2 4 2 2
President Putin**  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 2 1 1
Don’t know 6 4 10 6 4 6 5 4 8 12 14

* Until 2013 this answer option was provided

** Until 2016 this answer option was provided

  

Some people consider that arrests of certain public officials and politicians for corrupt activities over the recent year are a sign of anti-corruption efforts. Others think that these arrests are purely demonstrative actions, settling of scores and conflicts between competing clans. Which statement do you most agree with? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of total respondents)
  Total respon-dents Aged  18-24 Aged  25-34 Aged  35-44 Aged  45-59 Aged  60 and more Moscow and St.Peters-burg Million cities More than 500 ths 100–500 ths Less than 100 ths Rural area
The first one; this is a sign of anti-corruption efforts 42 37 38 42 40 48 36 35 39 41 42 49
The second one: demonstrative actions, settling of scores and conflicts between clans 47 49 51 49 50 39 53 55 49 48 46 40
Don’t know 11 14 11 9 10 13 11 10 12 11 12 11

 

Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!
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