Press release №2059


  • Only 12% of the Russian Internet users say they use Telegram messenger
  • For 24% of users, it is important to have access to the Telegram messenger in Russia (45% of the 18-24-year-olds)
  • 64% say it is not important for them

Respondents’ attitudes towards draft evasion are moderately negative. The draft evaders themselves as well as their peers see no need to strengthen the measures to combat draft evasion.

MOSCOW, April 16, 2018. The Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a study devoted to the military service evasion. Telegram is among the least used messengers in Russia: only 12% of Internet users report to exchange messages via Telegram (78% of respondents use the network in total). Most of those who opt for this messenger service use it because their friends use it.

Most of the Russian Internet users (65%) have heard of the Court’s decision to block Telegram in Russia; at the same time, 21% are particularly interested in this topic.

The accessibility of Telegram on the Russian territory is not so important for 64% of the Internet users (including 43% of those who say “it is not important at all”). Twenty-four percent of respondents consider it is important for the Russian users to have access to this messenger app (this share is higher among those aged 18-24 (45%)).

The VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted in April, 2018. The survey involved 2,000 Russians aged 18 and over, and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.2%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

Do you use the following messenger apps?*  (closed-ended question, one answer per each line, % based on Internet users’ answers)
  Users Non-users Don’t know
Whatsapp 59 40 1
Viber 45 54 1
Skype 41 59 0
Google hangouts 17 82 1
Facebook messenger 15 85 0
Telegram 12 88 0
ICQ 3 96 1

* Survey conducted on April 13-14, 2018

Why did you choose Telegram?* (closed-ended question, not more than 2 answers, % based on Telegram users’ answers)
  % respondents
My friends use it 45
It is convenient 35
Because it guarantees data confidentiality 26
To read news channels 18
Other 15
Don’t know 2

* Survey conducted on April 13-14, 2018

Do you know/have you heard/do you hear for the first time that the Court delivered its judgment to block Telegram in Russia? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of Internet users)
  % respondents Persons using the Internet almost every day Persons using the Internet several times per week/per month
I know; I followed the news about Telegram 21 23 10
I heard something but I do not know any details 44 45 42
I have heard about it for the first time 35 32 48

*Survey conducted on April 14-15, 2018


Generally, is it important for you to keep Telegram accessible for the Russian users?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % based on Internet users’ answers)
  % respondents Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 and over Persons using the Internet almost every day Persons using the Internet several times per week/per month
Very important 7 15 12 6 4 5 8 3
Somewhat important 17 30 15 14 18 15 16 19
Not very important 21 25 22 23 19 20 21 22
Not at all important 43 29 47 46 44 40 45 38
Don’t know 12 1 4 11 15 20 10 18

* Survey conducted on April 14-15, 2018

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