Press release №2057
16.04.2018
MILITARY CONSCRIPTION: TO SERVE OR TO EVADE?

IN BRIEF

  • Only 16% of respondents consider that the current conscription procedures lead to increased number of evaders
  • 35% of Russians condemn draft evaders (this share is 46% among those aged 60 and over)

Respondents’ attitudes towards draft evasion are moderately negative. The draft evaders themselves as well as their peers see no need to strengthen the measures to combat draft evasion.

MOSCOW, April 16, 2018. The Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the findings of a study devoted to the military service evasion.

The current conscription procedures (young men aged 18-26 who  are subject to military conscription are handed in a call-up notice by the representatives of the military commissariats to appear at their draft board) do not have any impact on the number of draft evaders, according to the majority of respondents (68%).

Sixteen percent of respondents (27% among the 18-24-year-olds) agree that the conscription system leads to an increase in the number of draft dodgers.

Russians tend to condemn (35%) or do not understand (21%) those who refuses to serve in the army. Few respondents approve them (5%) and understand them (24%). Condemnation is expressed mainly by those aged 60 and over (46%), appreciation is expressed by Muscovites and Petersburgians (35%) and young Russians aged 18-24 (27%). A further 11% are indifferent to possible draft evaders (the share of the 18-24-year-olds is 25%).

The VCIOM-Sputnik survey was conducted on April 7-8, 2018. The survey involved 2,000 Russians aged 18 and over, and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 2.2%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

 

Today young men aged 18-26 are subject to military conscription and the military commissariats hand them in a call-up notice to appear at the draft board. Some people think that this procedure increases the number of evaders, i.e. those who evade military service. Others say that this does not have any impact on the number of evaders. Which statement do you most agree with? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of all respondents)
  Total respondents Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 and over
The current conscription procedures  lead to increased number of evaders 16 27 20 13 15 12
The current conscription procedures  do not have any impact on the number of evaders 68 66 66 75 68 64
Don’t know 16 7 14 12 17 24

 

Today young men aged 18-26 are subject to military conscription and the military commissariats hand them in a call-up notice to appear at the draft board. Some people think that this procedure increases the number of evaders, i.e. those who evade military service. Others say that this does not have any impact on the number of evaders. Which statement do you most agree with? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of all respondents)
  Total respondents Moscow and St Petersburg Million cities 500-950, 000 inhabitants 100–500, 000 inhabitants Less than  100,000 inhabitants Rural area
The current conscription procedures  lead to increased number of evaders 16 13 14 16 14 15 21
The current conscription procedures  do not have any impact on the number of evaders 68 66 71 72 69 70 62
Don’t know 16 21 15 12 17 15 17

 

People have various attitudes towards those who evade the military service in the Russian army. What is your attitude towards them?  (closed-ended question, one answer, % of all respondents)
  Total respondents Men Women Aged 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 and over
Likely to support them 5 4 5 3 6 5 4 5
Likely to understand them 24 18 29 27 26 25 23 22
Unlikely to understand them 21 22 20 25 23 22 19 19
Likely to condemn them 35 39 32 19 22 30 42 46
Indifferent 11 13 8 25 19 13 6 3
Don’t know 4 4 6 1 4 5 6 5

 

People have various attitudes towards those who evade the military service in the Russian army. What is your attitude towards them? (closed-ended question, one answer, % of all respondents)
  Total respondents Moscow and St Petersburg Million cities 500-950, 000 inhabitants 100–500, 000 inhabitants Less than  100,000 inhabitants Rural area
Likely to support them 5 5 5 2 5 4 6
Likely to understand them 24 35 27 24 21 25 19
Unlikely to understand them 21 16 20 24 19 21 25
Likely to condemn them 35 24 32 31 38 38 38
Indifferent 11 13 10 14 13 7 9
Don’t know 4 7 6 5 4 5 3

Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!

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