Press release №2000
06.10.2017
DECLINING YEARS: RUSSIAN ELDERLY PERSONS

IN BRIEF

  • 50% of respondents say that retired persons are treated with respect in Russia, 45% cite disrespect
  • 57% of Russians say that the rights of the elderly are not observed in Russia
  • The main problem of the retired persons is poverty

The attitudes towards elderly persons leave much to be desired in Russia: they are underpaid, their rights are violated, and they lack attention.

MOSCOW, October 6, 2017. The Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the data of a study devoted to retired persons.

About half of Russians (45%) believe that Russian elderly persons are treated with disrespect (39% of the 18-24-year-olds; 48% of those aged 60 and over); 50% oppose them. Three-quarters of respondents (76%) say that elderly persons lack attention (this share exceeds 60% across all social and demographics groups).

Despite the fact that greater number of Russians say that the rights of the elderly persons are observed (the “likely to be observed” answer option saw a rise from 21% in 2009 to 36% in 2017), negative opinions still prevail (57% in 2017).

The main problems the elderly persons are facing are poverty and low pensions (59%) and health-related problems (45%). The top five also involves loneliness (25%), feeling of uselessness (24%), and disrespect expressed by young people (18%). Interestingly, disrespect is frequently mentioned by young Russians (38% of those aged 18-24), rather than elderly respondents (14% among those aged 60 and over).

The VCIOM-Sputnik Russian nationwide survey was conducted on September 25-26, 2017. The survey involved 1,200 Russians aged 18 and over, and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 3.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.

The 2009 results are based on household survey.

 

In your opinion, how do most of Russians treat elderly persons today – with respect or disrespect)? (closed-ended question, one answer)
  Total respondents Aged  18-24 Aged  25-34 Aged  35-44 Aged  45-59 Aged  60 and more
Definitely with respect 7 7 8 8 8 6
Rather with respect 43 51 43 49 42 38
Rather with disrespect 35 36 38 31 36 32
Definitely with disrespect 10 3 7 8 8 16
Don’t know 5 3 4 4 6
In your opinion, do Russian people pay enough attention to the elderly persons today?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total respondents Aged  18-24 Aged  25-34 Aged  35-44 Aged  45-59 Aged  60 and more
Definitely enough 3 2 1 2 3 4
Rather enough 18 36 20 15 14 17
Rather not enough 47 41 49 54 51 39
Definitely not enough 29 20 24 28 29 36
Don’t know 3 1 6 1 3
In your opinion, are the rights of the elderly persons observed in modern Russia?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  2009 2017
Likely to be observed 21 36
Likely not to be observed 67 57
Don’t know 12 7
In your opinion, are the rights of the elderly persons observed in modern Russia?  (closed-ended question, one answer, %)
  Total respondents Aged  18-24 Aged  25-34 Aged  35-44 Aged  45-59 Aged  60 and more
Likely to be observed 36 47 38 34 34 33
Likely not to be observed 57 51 54 60 56 59
Don’t know 8 2 8 6 10
In your opinion, what problems do the elderly persons face today? You can give up to 3 answers (closed-ended question, not more than three answers, %)
  Total respondents Aged  18-24 Aged  25-34 Aged  35-44 Aged  45-59 Aged  60 and more
Poverty, low pennies 59 64 61 70 56 50
Poor health 45 54 37 50 43 47
Loneliness 25 31 27 22 25 22
Feeling of uselessness, not being able to be useful 24 24 17 39 24 19
Disrespect by younger generations 18 38 22 18 13 14
Feeling useless in their families 14 16 17 14 17 8
Difficulties using modern gadgets and the Internet 13 14 13 13 13 13
Helplessness, dependence on children and grandchildren 11 12 10 14 9 10
Fear of future 5 2 4 6 7 6
Lack of active lifestyles  4 1 4 4 4 5
Lack of interest in life 3 5 1 3 3 5
Other 7 2 8 4 7 11
Don’t know 3 1 3 1 2

Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory!

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