An overwhelming majority of Russians think that the global climate is changing. At the same time, the VCIOM-Sputnik survey data suggest that more than half of respondents believe that this is caused by human activities.
MOSCOW, July 24, 2017. The Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) presents the results of a survey devoted to the Russian opinion on the world climate change.
Severe changes in weather patterns are experienced by 86% of Russians, however, most of them (70%) cite weather unpredictability (severe drops in temperatures from hot to cold) rather than a trend towards warming (11%) or cooling (5%). At the same time, 55% say that human factor plays a crucial role; 35% consider that shifts in temperatures are caused by nature.
Today Russians are poorly aware of what the global warming is compared to seven or ten years ago: only 20% of respondents say that they have a clear idea about that (vs 34% in 2007), however an overwhelming majority of Russians (91%) have a general overview. The level of awareness among young respondents is much lower than among older generations.
Despite the increased share of positive assessments, wary and negative opinions still prevail: every second (51%) considers global warming to be a severe problem that requires an immediate attention; more than half of respondents (55%) believe that Russia may be negatively affected. Not incidentally, global warming in the national ranking is among the top three reasons behind this summer unusual weather. Favorable impact is reported by 27% (an increase from 18% in 2007). Simultaneously, more than three-quarters of respondents (39%) think that the topic is far-fetched and speculative.
The Medialogia Company carried out an analysis of the global warming mentions in the Russian media. A total number of 100,000 publications over five years were found; a general trend is an increase in mentions. Most of publications were made in November 2015 (Paris Climate Agreement came into force), March and June 2017 (experts of European Commission’s Joint Research Center reported that a series of devastating floods would take place in Europe by the end of the century; Donald Trump officially declared US withdrawal from Paris Climate Agreement).
The VCIOM-Sputnik Russian nationwide survey was conducted on July 16-17, 2017. The survey involved 1,200 Russians aged 18 and over, and was carried out using stratified dual-frame random sample based on a complete list of landline and mobile phone numbers operating in Russia. The data were weighted according to selection probability and social and demographic characteristics. The margin of error at a 95% confidence level does not exceed 3.5%. In addition to sampling error, minor changes in question wording and different circumstances arising during the fieldwork can introduce bias into the survey.Results for the 2007-2010 studies are based on household surveys.
The Russian media publications were monitored and analyzed by the Medialogia Company using the company’s media database involving 41,500 media sources such as television, radio, newspapers, magazines, news agencies and online media. The study took place from July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2017.
|Many people think that over the recent years the Earth’s climate has been changing. What do you think about it? (closed-ended question, one answer, %)|
|Total respondents||Aged 18-24||Aged 25-34||Aged 35-44||Aged 45-59||Aged 60 and more|
|Climate is getting warmer||11||9||8||16||14||9|
|Climate is getting colder||5||5||6||4||3||8|
|Climate has become unpredictable; temperatures can sharply drop from heat to cold||70||77||73||68||68||69|
|The Earth is not undergoing any specific changes||11||8||11||11||12||10|
|In your opinion, if the climate is changing, what is it caused by? (closed-ended question, one answer %)|
|Changes are caused by human activities||59||57||51||55|
|Changes are a natural phenomenon, when warming and cooling periods change each other||30||29||31||35|
|The Earth is not undergoing any specific changes||4||5||11||5|
|There has recently been much talk about global warming. Have you heard about that? (closed-ended question, one answer %)|
|Yes, I have heard a lot||34||42||36||20|
|I have heard something||59||48||58||71|
|I have not heard anything||5||8||5||8|
|Which of the following statements do you most agree with? (closed-ended question, one answer, %)|
|Global warming is a serious problem which needs to be tackled immediately, otherwise we may face a climate catastrophe, irreversible changes in living conditions on Earth||52||51|
|Global warming is a fictitious, overblown problem used by those who want to make money out of natural fear of natural disasters||34||39|
|In your opinion, will the global warming have positive or negative effects on Russia? (closed-ended question, one answer %)|
Note: Using materials from the site www.wciom.ru or wciom.com, as well as distributed by VCIOM, the reference to the source (or hyperlink for the electronic media) is obligatory! The use of the Medialogia system content, fully or partially, must be accompanied by the reference to the Medialogia Company.